Specimen: Whole blood
Container: EDTA tube
Collection protocol: Venepuncture
Special handling/shipping requirements: Standard
General information about the disease: This is a tick borne protozoan parasite infection of cattle red blood cells resulting in anaemia.
General information about when this test is indicated:
In anaemic cattle; to confirm the cause of anaemia is Theileria orientalis Ikeda related, and to rule out other causes of anaemia. In healthy cattle; to screen for the presence/absence of T. orientalis Ikeda. In the South Island a government subsidy exists for PCR testing of anaemic cattle.
Comparison with other related tests:
Diagnosis can be made by examination of red blood cells on smears where the parasite can be visualised. A PCR for Theileria orientalis chitose and Theileria orientalis buffeli are available as separate tests.